How is surgery performed to treat skin cancer? | The opinion

Mohs surgery reduces the need to require additional treatments to treat skin cancer

Mohs surgery, also known as Mohs micrographic surgery, is a ambulatory surgical technique Used to treat skin cancer.

According mayoclinic.org, this method is used to remove thin layers of skin, in order to examine it and remove the tumor, until there is no trace of it.

How is Mohs surgery performed?

The surgeon or dermatologist will clean the area to be operated and delineate it with a special marker, then inject local anesthesia. Anesthesia works for numb the skin and avoid pain or discomfort during the operation.

After the anesthesia takes effect, the surgeon proceeds to remove part of the tumor and part of the adjacent skin with a scalpel, to take it to the laboratory and process an analysis.

The extraction takes a few minutes, but the study of the extracted tissue may take a little longer, so the patient must stay in the waiting room while it’s ready

During the study of the tissue, the surgeon cuts the sample into sections to examine each one under a microscope. Through it the surgeon makes a map in which detect the exact place where each piece of skin was removed.

This will help you determine where cancer begins and in what direction should surgery go, in case the tumor does not end there. If so, the patient will return to the operating room for the surgeon to take another tissue sample and repeat the procedure.

The surgeon must try to extract the least amount of healthy tissue Every time you take a sample. And anesthesia can be supplied whenever necessary.

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The recovery process depends on the amount of skin removed, and if the surgeon, in conjunction with the patient, decides to let the wound heal on its own, or use stitches to close it.

It can also be done skin graft from other parts of the body to make a coating on the wound. And if the surgery is extensive, the patient can be referred to another surgeon to repair the size of the wound.

Although, in most cases, Mohs surgery ensures complete cancer removal, these patients are at high risk for cancer to come back, or who suffer another type of skin cancer.

So it is important to keep track through skin tests and diagnoses, at least once or twice a year. Especially if the cancer that has been removed was aggressive.

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